Digital transformation greatly affects international trade. In particular, the Internet has made it easier to buy, sell and deliver certain services, such as telecommunications and audiovisual content, across borders. It has also enabled cross-border electronic delivery of financial, business and knowledge services, such as sales and marketing, management, administration, and back office services, engineering, R&D, and education. Furthermore, the Internet has also led to new categories of services, such as web search. Extended Balance of Payments Services (EBOPS) statistics allow trade in a number of “digitally-deliverable services” to be examined. These are services for which it is expected that the bulk are now delivered by digital means.
The share of digitally deliverable services in commercial services trade gives an indication of the importance of digital services trade in different economies. Both imports and exports are considered.