Communications infrastructures and services underpin the use of digital technologies, and facilitate interactions between connected people, organisations and machines. They serve as the basis for an open, interconnected and distributed Internet that enables the global free flow of information. High-quality access to communication networks and services at competitive prices is fundamental to digital transformation. Data are emerging as similarly vital. Data are a driver of economic activity and a general-purpose input of production in many contexts, but these benefits are predicated on data availability and accessibility. Enhancing access to and the sharing of data is thus important, although such decisions should be balanced with considerations of data privacy and security, among others.